Climate Finance: Women's viewpoint

Written by Prudence Ayebare, WFO Women Committee, UNFFE

Globally Climate change has been crown a key concern that needs urgent attention. It has affected every living being on this planet and ecosystems, and this has got a considerable impact on the livelihoods ofamong many farmers. There is a thin line between climate change and Agriculture systems in the developing countries, in everycase the majority of the agricultural activities are rain-fed which has directly led to low input hence low productivity leaving a lot of Vulnerability to Agriculture sector. It not only affects agriculture but holistically the effect goes to other sectors likeroads and infrastructure, land and ecosystem, biodiversity, fisheries, energy, health and sanitation, atmosphere air pollution, forestry, wildlife and animals, human population and environment, water supply and watershed resources.Generally the rural poor in the developing countries have felt more pinch than any other and womensmallholder producers are on the front line of dealing with the impacts, but are not first in line forinternational climate finance. National governments are stepping up in spite of limited resources and multiple development priorities. It is great that many positions proposals have been done to ensure the attention of climate change, decisions on adaptation, mitigation have all been arrived at but the climate financing has not been emphasized. It is urgent that financing climate change becomes the number one priority in these circumstances. The adoption of Sustainable Agriculture in the local areas can build resilience capacity among farmers in the area, increase access to water quality and quantity, reduce fluctuating lake levels, reduce over exploitation of natural resources – caused by increased basin population and competition over natural resources, thus leading to declining fish stocks and loss of habitat and biodiversity, wetlands destruction, and forests degradation. This would imply an improvement inbringing new land into agricultural production; increasing the cropping intensity on existing agricultural lands; and increasing yields on existing agricultural lands. 


Farmer or Government who should finance climate?

Farmer or Government who should finance climate?

Financing the implementation of National Adaptation Programme of Actions (NAPAs) for Developing countries should remain priority. The budget is an important tool used by government to transform society and thus achieve socio-economic development, endorsing the position of United Nations Framework convention on climate change (1994), that all countries should protect the climate system for the benefit of the present and future generations on the basis of equality and in accordance with their common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities. Climate finance is central to global efforts which reflect on a divergence position between developed and developing countries. On budget, climate change relevant spending is approximately 0.2 percent of GDP. This contrasts with that recommendation in the draft implementation strategy of the climate change policy, which estimated that around 1.6 percent of GDP needs to be spent on climate change-relevant activities.
This level of spending equates to approximately 0.2 per cent of GDP, which is in stark contrast to that recommended in the draft Implementation Strategy of the Climate Change Policy.How to FinanceIncorporating gender awareness and gender criteria into climate financing mechanisms and strategies would likewise constitute ‘smart climate finance’. Specifically, numerous studies show that women’s empowerment leads to gains in productivity, environmental sustainability and in confronting the ill effects of climate change. Gender-sensitive tools and procedures should be integrated into all areas of climate change finance. Women’s empowerment concepts should be mainstreamed within climate finance governance structures and procedures as well as within their programs during design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation. Financing processes must be attuned to the needs of and involve the most vulnerable groups of society, including poor women and men. Such steps need to ensure the effective participation of vulnerable populations, such as women and women’s groups, as key stakeholders in decision-making processes at all levels.
Engage with existing and newly developed climate finance frameworks (e.g. the Paris Agreement, Dec. 2015), networks, and instruments to ensure the integration of gender perspectives within their evolving and reforming processes. Use national-level finance tools, such as National Climate Funds (NCF) and climate finance readiness strategies to help manage, coordinate, implement and account for international and domestic climate finance. Gender-responsive budgeting can help in this by ensuring greater accountability over public resources and by promoting gender equality goals. Such budgeting strategies can also help address gender gaps in budgets as well as emphasize the re-prioritizing of financial resources within activities in addition to increasing overall expenditure.
Agriculture in developing countries must therefore undergo significant transformation in order to meet the related challenges of achieving food security and responding to climate change. Projections based on population growth and food consumption patterns indicate that agricultural production will need to increase at least by 70% to meet demands by 2050. Most estimates also indicate that climate change is likely to reduce agricultural productivity and production stability. Climate – smart agriculture is thus crucial to achieving future food security and climate change goals (FAO, 2010)