Following the success of the International Year of Family Farming in 2014, on December 20th the United Nations General Assembly, in its 72nd session, adopted the Resolution establishing the Decade of Family Farming 2019-2028. The aim is to promote projects and policies on Family Farming “recognizing the role that family farms play in improving nutrition and ensuring global food security, eradicating poverty, ending hunger, conserving biodiversity, achieving environmental sustainability and helping to address migration”.
To lead the implementation of the Decade the Resolution identifies the Food and Agriculture Organisation and the International Fund for Agricultural Development and invites Governments and stakeholders to actively support the implementation. The General Assembly should be informed by Secretary General on the progress made in its implementation on the basis of biennial reports jointly compiled by FAO and IFAD.
The Resolution stresses the key role of family farming which produces 80% of the world’s food in terms of value, even if there is much to do: 80% of extreme poor live in rural areas and work in agriculture and 815 million people throughout the world still suffer from hunger.
Moreover, the Resolution recognizes the importance of women and young farmers in Family Farming and push for their empowerment as necessary condition for a development consistent with the Sustainable Development Goals and based on a fair market opened to smallholder and family farmers.